A Dutch artist named Hans van Meegeren believed he could paint as well as some of the masters of the 17th century Dutch School of Painting.
So he set out to work on painting some fake pictures by the artist Jan Vermeer. He produced a number which deceived many art experts all over the world.
One particular painting named the Christ at Emmaus, was sold to a famous Rotterdam museum as a genuine Vermeer.
Van Meergeren was only found out when he was arrested and tried for another matter, he had collaborated with the Nazis during the occupation of Holland in the Second World War.