They were a tribe of farmers led by a king named Manco Cápac. They settled in a place called Cuzco in the highlands of Peru during the 1100’s, where they ruled over 12 million people living along the Pacific coast and in the Andes mountains.
They spoke in a language known as quechua and they worshipped many gods and would perform human sacrifices for these gods.
In the 1400’s their empire expanded and their control over other tribes grew and consequently they gained more land. Around this time they built the “Mountain City” of Machu Picchu, extending their work to roads so they could link their new territory with the old.
One of the main animals that the Incas kept were Llamas. They were used for their wool, meat and for carrying goods along the roads, as the Incas traded with goods and services.
However in the 1500’s the Incas empire started to collapse by the arrival of Spanish adventurers. Francisco Pizarro went in search for gold and other precious metals in South America, where he met the Incas.
Although Pizarro only had a small army he was able to seize the ruler Atahuallpa after he refused to accept Christianity and the rule of Spain in 1532. He took control of Cuzco in 1533 and claimed the land for Spain.